The ECtHR does not review decisions of national courts of the States Parties to the European Convention. However, it has developed a pattern in its case law to find a violation of the Convention on the grounds that the fair hearing lacked if there was a case law inconsistency at the level of national jurisdiction. The ECtHR case law was settled in a Grand Chamber case against Turkey in 2011. To find a violation under Article 6 of the Convention the ECtHR requires two tests. Firstly, it must establish the existence of a profound and long-standing inconsistency in the domestic case law, and secondly, the ECtHR raises the issue of a mechanism aimed at removing the inconsistency. If the mechanism does not exist, or if it applied ineffectively, the ECtHR finds a violation of human rights. The author suggests the ECtHR should revisit its jurisprudence.
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ECtHR CASE LAW
(In a chronological order)
- ECtHR, case 97/1996/716/913, Papageorgiou v. Greece.
- ECtHR, case 24846/94, 34165/96 to 34173/96, Zielinski and Pradal and Gonzalez and Others v. France (GC), 1999.
- ECtHR, case 30658/05, Beian v. Romania, 2007.
- ECtHR, case 21911/03, Tudor Tudor v. Romania, 2009.
- ECtHR, case 22279/04, Plechanow v. Poland, 2009.
- ECtHR, case 24428/03, 26977/03, Stefan and Stef v. Romania, 2009.
- ECtHR, case 23530/02, Iordan Iordanov and Others v. Bulgaria, 2009.
- ECtHR, case 44698/06 ……., Vinčić and Others v. Serbia, 2009.
- ECtHR, case 47460/07 ………., Rakić and Others v. Serbia, 2010.
- ECtHR, case 38155/02, Stefanica and Others v. Romania, 2010.
- ECtHR, case 37204/08, Živić v. Serbia, 2011.
- ECtHR, case 13279/05, Nejdet Şahin and Perihan Sahin v. Turkey (GC), 2011.
- ECtHR, case 29784/07, Stoilkovska v. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 2013.
- ECtHR, case 582/05, Çelebi and Others v. Turkey, 2016.
- ECtHR, case 76943/11, Lupeni Greek Catholic Parish and Others v. Romania, (GC) 2016.